Top 10 Notable Layer 2 Crypto Coins To Watch out For In 2024

The quest for scalability remains paramount. Layer 2 solutions offer a promising avenue for addressing the scalability challenges faced by blockchain networks. 

Among these solutions, several notable Layer 2 crypto coins have emerged, each with its unique features and contributions to the ecosystem. 

In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the top 10 Layer 2 crypto coins reshaping the future of blockchain scalability.

What are Layer 2 Crypto Coins?

Layer 2 crypto coins are associated with Layer 2 solutions, which are technologies developed to enhance the scalability and efficiency of blockchain networks, particularly Layer 1 blockchain like Ethereum. 

These solutions aim to address the limitations of Layer 1 networks, such as slow transaction speeds and high costs, without compromising on security or decentralization.

Here are the top 10 Notable Layer 2 Crypto Coins

Polygon (MATIC)

Overview: Polygon, formerly known as Matic Network, offers a framework for building interconnected blockchain networks. It’s known for its versatility, supporting various scaling solutions like Plasma, PoS chains, and more.

Technicals: At its core, Polygon uses a Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism alongside a Plasma framework to ensure asset security. Developers can leverage their SDKs to create scalable decentralized applications (dApps) with ease.

Use Cases: Polygon’s framework is widely adopted for dApps requiring fast and economical transactions. Its compatibility with Ethereum allows developers to port their applications seamlessly.


Overview: Arbitrum stands out with its unique approach to off-chain computation, offering a scalable, secure, and private environment for smart contracts.

Technicals: It employs Optimistic Rollup technology, allowing for instant transactions while retaining the security guarantees of Ethereum. Arbitrum reduces on-chain load by batching multiple off-chain transactions into a single one.

Use Cases: Particularly beneficial for complex dApps, Arbitrum enhances performance without sacrificing Ethereum’s decentralization and security.


Overview: Optimism is a Layer 2 scaling solution that leverages optimistic rollup technology to enhance Ethereum’s scalability and transaction throughput. Its primary goal is to reduce gas fees and improve the user experience without compromising security.

Technicals: Optimism utilizes optimistic rollups, which assume transactions are valid by default and only run computations in the case of a dispute. This method significantly reduces the amount of data processed on the Ethereum main chain. Optimism’s network is compatible with Ethereum’s developer tools, making it easier for developers to deploy and scale their dApps.

Use Cases: The platform is ideal for Ethereum-based applications requiring faster transaction times and lower fees. It’s particularly popular among decentralized finance (DeFi) applications, as it maintains Ethereum’s high-security standards while offering improved scalability.


Overview: Shibarium is a Layer 2 scaling solution designed for the Shiba Inu ecosystem. It aims to enhance the utility of the Shiba Inu token by offering lower transaction fees and higher transaction speeds, which are crucial for the token’s broader adoption in various applications.

Technicals: Shibarium operates on top of the Ethereum blockchain, providing a more efficient and cost-effective platform for transactions. While specific technical details are more guarded, it’s known that Shibarium focuses on improving transaction efficiency and reducing costs, which is essential for micro-transactions and high-volume applications.

Use Cases: The primary use case for Shibarium is within the Shiba Inu ecosystem, facilitating transactions and applications that leverage the Shiba Inu token. It’s aimed at a wide array of applications, including NFTs, gaming, and decentralized finance, where efficiency and low transaction costs are vital.

Immutable X

Overview: Immutable X is a Layer 2 scaling solution designed specifically for NFTs on the Ethereum blockchain. It aims to provide instant trade confirmation, massive scalability, and zero gas fees without compromising user custody.

Technicals: Immutable X uses zero-knowledge proofs (ZKPs) to achieve scalability and efficiency. It enables high transaction throughput while ensuring the security and integrity of the data. By utilizing ZKPs, Immutable X allows for the batching of thousands of off-chain transactions into a single on-chain transaction, significantly reducing gas costs and enhancing throughput.

Use Cases: The primary focus of Immutable X is on the NFT market, offering a platform for developers to create and trade NFTs with improved efficiency and reduced cost. This has a profound impact on games, marketplaces, and applications within the Ethereum ecosystem that deal with NFTs, enabling them to operate more seamlessly and economically.


Overview: zkSync is a Layer 2 scaling solution employing zk-rollups to provide scalability and low transaction fees on the Ethereum network. It’s designed to maintain Ethereum’s security guarantees while significantly improving its transaction capacity and speed.

Technicals: zkSync utilizes zk-rollups, which bundle hundreds of transactions into a single one. Each transaction generates a cryptographic proof known as a SNARK (Succinct Non-Interactive Argument of Knowledge), ensuring the validity and security of transactions off-chain. This process dramatically reduces the data and computational load on the Ethereum mainnet, leading to lower transaction costs and higher throughput.

Use Cases: zkSync is versatile and supports a broad range of Ethereum assets and smart contracts, making it suitable for a wide array of applications, from simple transfers to complex DeFi protocols. It’s particularly beneficial for applications requiring high transaction throughput and low fees, such as micro-payment platforms and decentralized exchanges.


Overview: Mantle is a relatively newer player in the Layer 2 landscape, designed to enhance the scalability and efficiency of blockchain networks. While specific details may vary as the platform evolves, Mantle aims to provide robust scalability solutions that cater to a broad range of applications.

Technicals: Mantle’s architecture is built to reduce the computational load on the main blockchain, enhancing transaction speed and reducing costs. By utilizing advanced cryptographic techniques and optimized data structures, Mantle aims to offer a seamless scaling solution that maintains high security and decentralization standards.

Use Cases: Mantle is geared towards a wide array of blockchain applications, from DeFi to gaming and NFTs. Its main appeal lies in its ability to support high transaction volumes and complex operations without compromising performance or security.


Overview: Loopring is a Layer 2 solution that employs zkRollups to provide fast, scalable, and secure exchanges and payments on Ethereum. It’s designed to combine the best features of centralized and decentralized exchanges, offering speed and cost-efficiency without sacrificing security.

Technicals: Loopring utilizes zkRollups, which aggregate multiple off-chain transfers into a single transaction. This technology allows Loopring to significantly reduce gas fees and increase the throughput of transactions on the Ethereum network. Loopring’s protocol is open-source, offering a platform for developers to build decentralized exchanges (DEXs) and payment apps with enhanced performance.

Use Cases: The primary use case for Loopring is in the realm of DEXs and payment applications, where the need for fast and low-cost transactions is paramount. Loopring’s technology enables users to enjoy a near-instant trading experience and efficient non-custodial payments, making it a preferred choice for applications that require high throughput and minimal latency.


Overview: dYdX is a Layer 2 protocol focusing on decentralized derivatives trading. It provides a platform that combines the security and transparency of decentralized finance (DeFi) with the speed and efficiency typically associated with centralized exchanges.

Technicals: dYdX utilizes a Layer 2 scaling solution based on StarkWare’s StarkEx technology, employing zero-knowledge rollups (zk-rollups) to increase transaction throughput and reduce latency. This technology enables the platform to offer real-time trading with minimal gas fees, maintaining the security and decentralization of the Ethereum network.

Use Cases: The primary application of dYdX is in the field of DeFi, particularly for trading derivatives, margin trading, and spot trading. Its Layer 2 solution allows for high-frequency trading and sophisticated financial instruments without the typical blockchain constraints of high fees and slow transactions.


Overview: SKALE is designed as an elastic blockchain network that offers a modular protocol. It enables developers to easily provision highly configurable blockchains, which can scale horizontally to support high-throughput and low-latency transactions.

Technicals: SKALE’s network is unique in that it provides an ‘elastic’ blockchain infrastructure, where each decentralized application can have its chain with adjustable parameters such as block time and size. This flexibility allows for tailored optimization based on the application’s specific needs. SKALE achieves this using containerization and virtualization technology alongside consensus algorithms optimized for speed and throughput.

Use Cases: SKALE’s adaptability makes it suitable for a wide range of applications, from gaming and content streaming to DeFi and enterprise solutions. Its ability to provide dedicated chains ensures that applications can scale without being hindered by the congestion typically found on shared networks.


As blockchain technology continues to evolve, Layer 2 scaling solutions emerge as a crucial component in overcoming scalability challenges and unlocking the full potential of decentralized applications. 

The top 10 notable Layer 2 crypto coins showcased in this guide exemplify innovation, scalability, and resilience, offering a glimpse into the future of blockchain scalability and adoption.

FAQs on Layer 2 Crypto Coins

Q: What makes Layer 2 crypto coins essential for blockchain scalability?

Layer 2 solutions offer scalability enhancements by processing transactions off-chain and settling them on the main blockchain, thereby reducing congestion and improving throughput.

Q: How do Layer 2 solutions impact transaction costs on blockchain networks?

Layer 2 solutions typically reduce transaction costs by batching multiple transactions off-chain and submitting a single proof to the main blockchain, resulting in lower gas fees for users.

Q: Are Layer 2 solutions compatible with existing blockchain networks?

Yes, many Layer 2 solutions, including zk-rollups and optimistic rollups, are designed to be compatible with popular blockchain networks like Ethereum, allowing for seamless integration and interoperability.

Q: What are the security implications of Layer 2 scaling solutions?

While Layer 2 solutions introduce new security considerations, such as fraud proofs and data availability, they generally maintain a high level of security through cryptographic techniques and consensus mechanisms.

Q: How do Layer 2 solutions contribute to the mass adoption of blockchain technology?

Layer 2 solutions address scalability challenges, improve user experience, and reduce barriers to entry for blockchain applications, thereby accelerating the mass adoption of blockchain technology across various industries.

Q: What role do Layer 2 crypto coins play in decentralized finance (DeFi) applications?

Layer 2 crypto coins provide the infrastructure necessary for scalable and efficient DeFi applications, enabling decentralized trading, lending, and derivatives trading while mitigating congestion and high gas fees on the main blockchain.